Ergonomic solutions for transferring residents in nursing homes.
Proceedings of the IEA 2000/HFES 2000 Congress, Vol. 5, San Diego, CA, July 30-August 4, 2000. Santa Monica, CA: Human Factors and Ergonomics Society, 2000 Jul; 5:546
The Bureau of Labor Statistics data indicates that nursing homes have the highest incidence rate for nonfatal injuries for industries with 100,000 or more injury cases. The National Institute for Occupational Safety and Health (NIOSH) is conducting research to identify strategies to reduce the risk of musculoskeletal injuries to nursing home workers. NIOSH funded a laboratory study to evaluate the biomechanical stress placed on nursing personnel, the safety and comfort of the residents, and the time efficiency of 12 methods of transferring residents. The full-body lifts and overhead lift devices significantly reduced the biomechanical loading on the nursing assistants' backs when transferring totally dependent residents. The stand-up lifts and walking belt were shown to reduce the perceived stress on the lower back and whole body of nursing assistants. A NIOSH field study was developed to evaluate the effectiveness of these lab-tested methods in the context of an ergonomics program (patient lifting equipment, lifting training, and medical management of injured workers) in a study population of 1,000 nursing home workers over a six-year period. Results will be presented on the process of implementing the program and the programs impact on reducing the incidence, disability, and injury-related costs associated with back and other injuries among nursing staff in nursing homes.
Musculoskeletal-system; Musculoskeletal-system-disorders; Ergonomics; Epidemiology; Accident-prevention; Injury-prevention; Health-care-facilities; Health-care-personnel; Nurses; Back-injuries; Engineering-controls; Manual-lifting
Conference/Symposia Proceedings; Abstract
Proceedings of the IEA 2000/HFES 2000 Congress, Vol. 5, San Diego, CA, July 30-August 4, 2000