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Preliminary findings that kerosene alters the distribution of topically applied benzo[a]pyrene in mice.
Schumann BL; LaDow K; Luse N; Warshawsky D; Pickens W; Talaska G; Pickens B; Hoath S
Polycycl Aromat Compd 2004 Aug-Dec; 24(4/5):597-605
The dermal route is important in occupational exposure to polycyclic aromatic compounds (PACs), but other organs may be affected. We reported that kerosene-cleaning following treatment with used engine oil increased DNA adducts in the lungs of mice viz. animals treated with used oil alone. To determine the mechanism we topically applied 3H-BAP(100 nmol in 25 microL acetone) and washed half the mice with 25 microL kerosene 1 h after carcinogen application. Groups of four mice were sacrificed from 1 to 72 h after treatment. Lung, liver, and skin were harvested. The fraction of the radiolabel remaining in the skin of animals treated with benzo[a]pyrene (BAP) and washed with kerosene was significantly less than those not washed, beginning at 24 h (p < .05). Fractional distribution to the lungs and livers of these animals became significantly elevated. Kerosene increased transdermal water loss. Kerosene treatment compromises dermal barrier function, enhances carcinogen absorption, and alters organ distribution.
Polycyclic-aromatic-hydrocarbons; Polycyclic-hydrocarbons; Skin-exposure; Petroleum-products; Animal-studies; Animals; Laboratory-animals; Metabolic-study; Author Keywords: benzo[a]pyrene; dermal route; mixtures; organotropism
Issue of Publication
Research Tools and Approaches: Risk Assessment Methods
Polycyclic Aromatic Compounds
University of Cincinnati, Cincinnati, Ohio
Page last reviewed: November 6, 2020
Content source: National Institute for Occupational Safety and Health Education and Information Division