Work related risk factors associated with falls during pregnancy.
LeMasters-G; Levin-L; Bhattacharya-A; Dunning-K
NIOSH 2003 Sep; :1-25
Background: Though falls are a major source of trauma during pregnancy and 70% of pregnant women are employed, information on falls among pregnant workers is lacking. Study objectives were to estimate fall prevalence and risk factors among pregnant workers. Methods: Birth certificate data identified women at least 20 years old who recently delivered a child. Data were collected via phone, internet, and mail surveys. The primary outcome investigated was a fall at work during pregnancy. Adjusted odds ratios and confidence intervals were calculated. Results: Of the 3997 total subjects, 26.8% reported falling during pregnancy. Of the 1070 women who fell, 35.4% had two or more falls. Of the 2847 employed women, 26.6% (757) fell during their pregnancy and 6.3% (179) fell at work. Occupations with the highest rate of work falls were service and teaching/childcare. Walking on slippery floors, hurrying, or carrying an object occurred in 66.3% of work falls. The yearly cost for workplace falls during pregnancy is almost 100,000 lost work days and over $11 million in lost wages. Conclusion: The service and teaching/child care industries should be evaluated for risk reduction. Pregnant workers should be counseled on reducing factors which contribute to falls.
Accident-rates; Accident-statistics; Accident-prevention; Accidents; Injuries; Injury-prevention; Statistical-analysis; Epidemiology; Teaching; Child-care-workers; Pregnancy
Department of Environmental Health, University of Cincinnati Medical Center, P.O. Box 670056, Cincinnati, OH 45267-0056
Final Grant Report
NTIS Accession No.
Work Environment and Workforce: Special Populations
National Institute for Occupational Safety and Health
University of Cincinnati, Department of Environmental Health, Cincinnati, Ohio