Anthropometric procedures for design decisions: from flat map to 3D scanning.
Contemporary Ergonomics 2004: Proceedings of the Ergonomics Society Conference. Boca Raton, FL: CRC Press, 2004 Apr; :144-148
Anthropometric principles have been applied to many applications in various industries, for reasons of product value, efficacy and safety. This paper presents four anthropometric approaches for product design decisions. A univariate method has been widely used in designing for extremes, such as in determining door heights. A bivariate method has been useful for products that primarily involve dual essential dimensions, such as in shoe-sizing applications. For many other applications, a multivariate accommodation approach is necessary to account for both the body size variance and proportional variability. A 3D shape-quantification approach is advisable for determining sizing schemes and. size ranges of personal protective equipment, such as fan protection harnesses. A 3D digital feature-envelope approach is instrumental for placement of control components in workspaces, such as in a farm-tractor-cab accommodation.
Anthropometry; Personal-protection; Personal-protective-equipment; Statistical-analysis; Human-factors-engineering
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Disease and Injury: Traumatic Injuries
Contemporary Ergonomics 2004: Proceedings of the Ergonomics Society Conference