Carbon monoxide emissions from marine outboard engines.
Strauss-S; Wasil-JR; Earnest-GS
Society of Automotive Engineers Technical Papers No. 2004-32-0011. Washington, DC: Society of Automotive Engineers, 2004 Nov; :1-11
Carbon Monoxide (CO) has become a pressing issue for the recreational marine industry. An increasing number of boating incidents have been linked to CO poisoning caused by emissions from gasoline-powered marine engines. Measurements by the National Institute for Occupational Safety and Health (NIOSH) and the U.S. Coast Guard have confirmed potentially hazardous CO concentrations near many of these engines. The measurements have also shown much lower CO concentrations for Evinrude two-stroke direct-injected engines.
Marine-workers; Poisons; Poison-gases; Poison-control; Exhaust-gases; Gas-sampling; Health-hazards; Combustible-gases; Combustion-gases; Hazards
Society of Automotive Engineers Technical Papers No. 2004-32-0011. Small Engine Technology Conference & Exposition, November 2004, Graz, Austria,