Ischemic heart disease mortality and occupation among 16- to 60-year-old males.
Calvert-GM; Merling-JW; Burnett-CA
J Occup Environ Med 1999 Nov; 41(11):960-966
Cardiovascular disease is the leading cause of death, and the role of occupation continues to generate interest. Using the National Occupational Mortality Surveillance system, proportionate mortality ratio (PMR) analyses were used to examine the association between occupation and ischemic heart disease among 16- to 60-year-old males. We used data from 1982-1992 from 27 states. Separate analyses were conducted for blue-collar and white-collar occupations. Among the blue-collar occupations with the highest PMRs for ischemic heart disease mortality were sheriffs, correctional institution officers, policemen, firefighters, and machine operators. Physicians (blacks only) and clergy (both races) were among the white-collar occupations with the highest PMRs for ischemic heart disease. Although more study is needed, consideration should be made for targeting high-PMR occupations, with improvement in work organization to reduce occupational stress and promotion of healthy lifestyles through cardiovascular disease prevention programs.
Heart; Heart-rate; Diseases; Occupational-diseases; Mortality-data; Mortality-rates; Demographic-characteristics; Age-factors; Sex-factors; Cardiovascular-disease; Cardiovascular-system-disorders; Cardiovascular-system-disease; Racial-factors; Police-officers; Fire-fighters; Physicians; Occupational-health; Occupational-health-programs; Disease-prevention; Emergency-responders
Geoffrey M. Calvert, MD, MPH, National Institute for Occupational Safety and Health, 4676 Columbia Parkway, R-21, Cincinnati, OH 45226
Journal of Occupational and Environmental Medicine