NIOSHTIC-2 Publications Search
Emergency medical technician dies in ambulance crash - New York.
Romano NT; Cortez K; Moore PH
Morgantown, WV: U.S. Department of Health and Human Services, Public Health Service, Centers for Disease Control and Prevention, National Institute for Occupational Safety and Health, FACE 2001-12, 2004 Feb; :1-8
On July 13, 2001, a 27-year-old female Emergency Medical Technician (EMT) [the victim] died when the ambulance she was working in struck a support column for an elevated train track. The victim had been riding unrestrained in the patient compartment while attending to a patient during a non-emergency medical transport. The ambulance was traveling along a two-lane city street when it drifted across the roadway through an oncoming traffic lane and struck the support column. During the collision, the EMT/driver who was also riding unrestrained, sustained minor injuries from contact with the dashboard and deployed air bag. The victim and the patient struck the front of the patient compartment. The EMT/driver and the patient were transported by ambulances to a hospital where they were admitted. The victim was transported by ambulance to a hospital where she was pronounced dead. NIOSH investigators concluded that, to help prevent similar occurrences, employers should: 1. ensure that emergency service workers use the patient compartment vehicle occupant restraints whenever possible; 2. ensure that patient cots are equipped with upper body safety restraints for use during emergency and non-emergency transports; and, 3. ensure that drivers and front-seat passengers of emergency service vehicles use the vehicle occupant restraints that are provided. Ambulance manufacturers and emergency services should evaluate and develop occupant protection systems designed to increase the crash survivability of EMS workers in ambulance patient compartments while still providing the necessary mobility to provide patient care during transport.
Region-2; Accidents; Injuries; Injury-prevention; Occupational-safety-programs; Safety-education; Safety-equipment; Safety-measures; Safety-practices; Safety-programs; Traumatic-injuries; Emergency-responders; Motor-vehicles
Field Studies; Fatality Assessment and Control Evaluation
NTIS Accession No.
National Institute for Occupational Safety and Health
Page last reviewed: May 5, 2020
Content source: National Institute for Occupational Safety and Health Education and Information Division