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Changing patterns of pneumoconiosis mortality - United States, 1968 - 2000.
Attfield MD; Wood JM; Antao VC; Pinheiro GA
MMWR 2004 Jul; 53(28):627-630, 632
Pneumoconioses are caused by the inhalation and deposition of mineral dusts in the lungs, resulting in pulmonary fibrosis and other parenchymal changes. Many persons with early pneumoconiosis are asymptomatic, but advanced disease often is accompanied by disability and premature death. Known pneumoconioses include coal workers' pneumoconiosis (CWP), silicosis, asbestosis, mixed dust pneumoconiosis, graphitosis, and talcosis. No effective treatment for these diseases is available (1). This report describes the temporal patterns of pneumoconiosis mortality during 1968--2000, which indicates an overall decrease in pneumoconiosis mortality. However, asbestosis increased steadily and is now the most frequently recorded pneumoconiosis on death certificates. Increased awareness of this trend is needed among health-care providers, employers, workers, and public health agencies.
Respiratory-system-disorders; Pneumoconiosis; Pulmonary-system-disorders; Mortality-data; Mortality-rates; Asbestos-workers; Asbestosis; Mineral-dusts; Lung-disease; Epidemiology; Statistical-analysis; Surveillance
Issue of Publication
Morbidity and Mortality Weekly Report
Page last reviewed: October 26, 2020
Content source: National Institute for Occupational Safety and Health Education and Information Division