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Fatality Assessment and Control Evaluation (FACE) program: recommendations for preventing injuries and deaths of workers who operate or work near forklifts.
NOIRS 2000--Abstracts of the National Occupational Injury Research Symposium 2000, Pittsburgh, PA, October 17-19. Pittsburgh, PA: National Institute for Occupational Safety and Health, 2000 Oct; :67
Background: Forklifts, also known as powered industrial trucks, are used in numerous work settings, primarily to move materials. Each year in the United States, nearly 100 workers are killed and another 20,000 are seriously injured in fork-lift related incidents [BLS 1997,1998]. Purpose: To identify and describe trends in forklift-related fatal incidents and to use data collected in fatality investigations to formulate and then disseminate preventive strategies to those who can intervene in the workplace. Methods: Data from the National Traumatic Occupational Fatalities (NTOF) data base are used to describe trends and rates of fatalities over a 15 year period. It is estimated that NTOF, which is based solely on death certificates, identifies about 80% of work-related deaths. Through investigations done in the Fatality Assessment and Control Evaluation (FACE) program, additional characteristics such as safety practices, standards, and equipment are detailed. Through surveillance and investigations, potential risk factors are identified and prevention strategies are developed. Results: From 1980 to 1994, 1,021 workers died from traumatic injuries suffered in work-related incidents that involved forklifts. The majority of these deaths were due to forklift overturns (22%), workers struck by forklifts while working nearby (20%), victims crushed by forklifts (16%), and falls from forklifts (9%). Between 1983 and 1999, the NIOSH FACE program investigated 13 fatalities that involved workers who died as a result of forklift injuries. Conclusions: Recommendations include working in compliance with national safety standards, establishing and implementing written safe work procedures, retrofitting roll-over protective structures and seat belts (where applicable), and providing appropriate worker training.
Accidents; Accident-prevention; Injuries; Traumatic-injuries; Injury-prevention; Surveillance-programs; Health-care-personnel; Health-care-facilities; Maintenance-workers; Demographic-characteristics; Statistical-analysis; Epidemiology; Safety-practices; Safety-programs; Materials-handling-equipment; Materials-handling
NOIRS 2000 Abstracts of the National Occupational Injury Research Symposium 2000, Pittsburgh, PA., October 17-19, 2000
Page last reviewed: August 16, 2019
Content source: National Institute for Occupational Safety and Health Education and Information Division