Evaluating the effectiveness of a tailored website for construction safety and health.
Donlin-M; Linn-H; Olevitch-L; Tan-Wilhelm-D; Day-B; Lukwago-S; Kreuter-M; Rowel-R
NOIRS 2000--Abstracts of the National Occupational Injury Research Symposium 2000, Pittsburgh, PA, October 17-19. Pittsburgh, PA: National Institute for Occupational Safety and Health, 2000 Oct; :54
A tailored health or safety message is one that is customized for an individual user based on that user's responses to a set of assessment questions. Assessment questions ascertain characteristics of the user including but not limited to behaviors, intentions, attitudes, knowledge, work experience and practices, health beliefs, and self-efficacy. Specific responses to assessment questions or combinations of specific responses lead to the retrieval of customized messages that are dynamically combined in a print or electronic document and returned to the user. Computer tailoring has been evaluated for several important health topics among at-risk populations, including diet, injury prevention, smoking cessation and mammography. This study is the first application of computer tailoring for occupational safety and health topics among industry-based populations, such as the residential building contractors studied here. This research compares the effectiveness of four intervention programs to increase knowledge, positive safety and health program practices, and perceptions of self-efficacy of construction contractors related to the risk of falls from elevations and exposure to crystalline silica dust among their workers. The interventions include: a tailored Website, a nontailored Website, tailored printed material delivered by direct mail, and nontailored printed material delivered by direct mail. A study population of 250 homebuilders has been recruited. Implementation will commence in June/July 2000, and findings will be available for presentation at NOIRS 2000 in October.
Accidents; Accident-prevention; Injuries; Traumatic-injuries; Injury-prevention; Information-systems; Education; Construction-industry; Construction-workers; Safety-programs; Safety-practices; Safety-research; Safety-education; Silica-dusts
Conference/Symposia Proceedings; Abstract
NOIRS 2000 Abstracts of the National Occupational Injury Research Symposium 2000, Pittsburgh, PA., October 17-19, 2000