Robbery-related injury in convenience stores: estimating lifetime risk and identifying high risk populations.
Faulkner-KA; Landsittel-DP; Hendricks-SA
Hum Ecol Risk Assess 1998 Dec; 4(6):1391-1403
Robbery-related injuries constitute a major risk for convenience store workers in the United States. Studies that focus on the injury outcomes associated with convenience store robbery are extremely limited in number. This is a prospective study of 1271 convenience stores in three metropolitan areas of Virginia between February 1, 1995 and September 30, 1996. The study quantifies the lifetime risk for an occupational robbery-related injury occurrence and determines the relative importance of various types of factors in the classification of high risk stores. Lifetime risk was estimated by calculating the probability in convenience stores for having one or more employee(s) sustain at least one robbery-related injury over a range of years that a store could be in operation. Results indicate that knowledge of the circumstances of the robbery are needed to maximize the identification of high risk stores. Estimated lifetime risk reaches 567 stores with an occupational robbery-related injury occurrence per 1,000 stores in operation after 45 years. This study addresses limitations of previous research by including information on clerk resistance and the number of robbers in its analysis. These two circumstantial characteristics of robbery have been previously hypothesized to be associated with robbery-related injury.
Lifespan; Risk-factors; Risk-analysis; Employee-exposure; Employee-health; Employees; Statistical-analysis; Injury-prevention; Injuries; Occupational-hazards; Grocery-stores; Retail-workers
Human and Ecological Risk Assessment