NIOSHTIC-2 Publications Search
Control of exposure to perchloroethylene in commercial drycleaning.
Earnest GS; Ewers L; Ruder A; Goldenhar L; Flesch JP
Appl Occup Environ Hyg 1999 Jun; 14(6):365-366
Perchloroethylene (PERC) is the most commonly used dry cleaning solvent. PERC can enter the body through respiratory and dermal exposure. Symptoms associated with exposure include depression of the central nervous system; damage to the liver and kidneys; impaired memory; confusion; dizziness; headache; drowsiness; and eye, nose, and throat irritation. Repeated dermal exposure may result in dermatitis. NIOSH considers PERC a potential human carcinogen. To reduce exposure to drycleaning solvents, a comprehensive control approach should be followed involving engineering measures, work practices, and personal protection. Engineering measures are the preferred and most effective means of control and should generally be considered first.
Dry-cleaning-industry; Dry-cleaning-solvents; Respiratory-irritants; Respiratory-system-disorders; Dermatitis; Carcinogens; Control-systems; Control-methods; Engineering-controls; Engineering
Issue of Publication
DPSE; DSHEFS; EID
Applied Occupational and Environmental Hygiene
Page last reviewed: September 2, 2020
Content source: National Institute for Occupational Safety and Health Education and Information Division