Ultrasonic extraction and field-portable anodic stripping voltammetry for the determination of lead in workplace air samples.
Ashley-K; Mapp-KJ; Millson-M
Am Ind Hyg Assoc J 1998 Oct; 59(10):671-679
An on-site, field-portable analytical method for the determination of lead in workplace air samples, based on the use of ultrasonic extraction and anodic stripping voltammetry (ASV), was evaluated. Workplace air samples were obtained using a standard method involving particulate collection onto mixed cellulose ester membrane filters. Samples were collected at work sites where airborne particulates were generated from the abrasive blasting of lead-containing paint on highway bridges. Ultrasonic extraction (UE) of air filter samples in diluted nitric acid, followed by portable ASV, was used for the determination of lead. Also, performance evaluation samples consisting of reference materials of known lead concentration were subjected to the UE-ASV procedure for lead determination. Confirmatory analyses of the air filters and performance evaluation samples subjected to the UE-ASV lead measurement method were conducted by hotplate digestion in concentrated nitric acid and 30% hydrogen peroxide, followed by inductively coupled plasma-atomic emission spectrometric (ICP-AES) determination of lead. Recoveries of lead from performance evaluation materials (when using the UE-ASV method) were found to be quantitative. The performance of the UE-ASV method for lead in air filters was found to be acceptable, as evaluated by comparison with results from hotplate strong acid digestion followed by ICP-AES analysis. Based on the results of this study, the ultrasonic extraction/portable ASV procedure demonstrates potential for the on-site determination of lead in personal breathing zone and area air samples.
Ultrasonic-testing; Lead-compounds; Air-samples; Air-sampling; Airborne-particles; Particulates; Analytical-methods; Air-filters; Breathing-zone; Lead-dust; Air-sampling-techniques; Air-quality-monitoring; Air-quality-measurement; Air-monitoring; Air-contamination; Airborne-dusts; Airborne-particles; Airborne-fibers; Dust-particles; Dust-samplers; Dust-exposure; Dust-collection; Dust-analysis; Lead-poisoning; Lead-fumes; Paints; Workplace-monitoring; Workplace-studies
U.S. Department of Health and Human Services, Centers for Disease Control and Prevention, National Institute for Occupational Safety and Health, 4676 Columbia Parkway, Cincinnati, Ohio 45226
American Industrial Hygiene Association Journal