Estimates of lifetime risk of occupational fatal injury from age-specific rates.
Hum Ecol Risk Assess 1998 Dec; 4(6):1309-1319
The lifetime risk of fatal workplace injury is a critical issue in the evaluation of occupational hazards. Recently, Fosbroke, Kisner, and Myers (1997) described a metric for working lifetime risk (WLTR) to determine the probability that a worker will die due to a work-related fatal injury in a year over a certain number of years of employment. This quantity was defined assuming that the annual rate of fatal injuries will be the same each year during employment. Recognizing the fact that annual fatal injury rates differ with the age of the worker along with other factors, modification of the definition of working lifetime risk is derived. We obtain the estimates of the lifetime risk using age-categorized annual fatality rates and derive an estimate of the standard error of the WLTR estimator and a confidence interval for the WLTR. We illustrate these calculations by estimating the lifetime risk for work-related fatal injuries for workers in four high-risk industries: agriculture-forestry-fishing, mining, construction, and transportation-public utilities. The estimates are based on employment data from the Bureau of Labor Statistics and an updated version of fatality data from the National Traumatic Occupational Fatalities surveillance system.
Occupational-hazards; Mortality-data; Mortality-rates; Traumatic-injuries; Demographic-characteristics; Age-factors; Risk-factors; Risk-analysis; Agricultural-industry; Mining-industry; Construction-industry; Transportation-industry; Forestry; Fishing-industry; Statistical-analysis; Epidemiology;
Author Keywords: confidence interval; delta method; risk assessment
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Human and Ecological Risk Assessment