Commercial fishing safety training in Alaska.
NIOSH 2001 Sep; :1-13
The five-year project period has seen sustained reduction in fatalities in the Alaska commercial fishing industry (appendix 2). Alaska commercial fishing fatalities have been at their historical low during this period. Two studies have demonstrated the positive correlation between taking safety training and surviving an emergency at sea. However, the latest and longest term study (Lincoln et al) has shown that recurrency in training is a significant factor. This study demonstrated that after five years from date of initial training, the correlation between training and survivability was insignificant. This highlights the need for refresher training in 0 rill Instruction. Another important factor in this period is the lower number of fishers trained in 0 rill Instructor (01) courses. The number trained per year has fallen from 900 per year to about 200 a year. This is due to several factors: (1) many of the more safety conscious fishermen have been trained and (2) drill instructors are not currently required to take a formalized retraining class (3) the Coast Guard has found it difficult to enforce this requirement for training. Anecdotal information and observations have shown that emergency drills are often not conducted monthly on fishing vessels as is required. Therefore, skills for surviving a casualty at sea are not being regularly practiced. This furthers the need for more formalized refresher training. More effort needs to be made within the fishing fleet and the Coast Guard to promote refresher training for Drill Instructors. Meanwhile, efforts will be ongoing to train students in schools in fishing ports who are now and will become fishermen. The long term "seed" support of NIOSH for this project has been extremely important in meeting commercial fishermen's need for training. It has allowed long term continuity for this training and education effort. This continuity has made training accessible to fishermen who otherwise would have been unable to obtain safety training.
Fishing-industry; Training; Education; Accident-prevention; Accidents; Accident-rates; Safety-education; Safety-practices; Safety-programs; Mortality-data; Mortality-rates
Final Grant Report
NTIS Accession No.
National Institute for Occupational Safety and Health
Alaska Marine Safety Education Association, Sitka, Alaska