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In vitro and in vivo transformation in rat tracheal epithelial cells exposed to diesel emission particles and related compounds.
Ensell MX; Whong WZ; Heng ZC; Nath J; Ong T
Mutat Res 1998 Feb; 412(3):283-291
The rat tracheal epithelial (RTE) cell transformation assay was performed to determine the transforming activity of diesel emission particles (DEPs) and two related compounds, 1-nitropyrene (1-NP) and dibenzo(a,i)pyrene (DBP). RTE cells were treated with these agents in vitro and in vivo. Transformed cells from foci induced by these agents were passaged over 20 times to establish immortal cell lines. Results show that (1) DEPs- and 1-NP-induced cell transformation only with the in vivo exposure (30-75 mg/kg bw DEPs and 15-60 mg/kg bw 1-NP); (2) positive dose-related responses to DBP were found with both in vitro (0.05-0.50 µg/ml) and in vivo (7.5-30 mg/kg bw) exposures; (3) the fraction of transformed foci becoming cell lines was in the order of 1-NP(25/48)>DBP(8/28)>DEPs(0/30). These results indicate that (1) DEPs, 1-NP and DBP are capable of transforming rat tracheal epithelial cells, however, the transforming activity of DEPs and 1-NP may be dependent on metabolic activation, and (2) transformed cells induced by DEPs have a very low probability, if any, of becoming cell lines.
Animal-studies; Animals; Laboratory-animals; Diesel-exhausts; Diesel-emissions; Cellular-function; Cellular-reactions; In-vivo-study; In-vitro-study; Particulates; Particulate-dust; Author Keywords: Rat tracheal epithelial cells; Transformation; Diesel; 1-Nitropyrene; Dibenzo(a,i)pyrene
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Content source: National Institute for Occupational Safety and Health Education and Information Division