In this study, we evaluated the prevalence of work-related asthma-like symptoms and possible risk factors among florists in Turkey. We collected questionnaire data from 128 florists, and investigated occupational history and respiratory, ocular, dermal, and nasal symptoms. We evaluated pulmonary function tests with spirometry and atopy by using the skin-prick test. Possible risk factors were analyzed by age-adjusted, smoking-adjusted, and gender-adjusted logistic regression models comparing symptomatic and asymptomatic individuals. The prevalence of work-related asthma-like symptoms was 14.1% (18 patients). We observed excess risk with a high work intensity (odds ratio [OR], 7.3; 95% confidence interval [CI], 1.1 to 51.8) and long work duration (OR, 5.1; 95% CI, 1.2 to 21.6). Florists with work-related asthma-like symptoms were 5.9 times more likely (95% CI, 1.4 to 24.3) to have a positive skin test response to a flower mix allergen. We also observed an excess risk for work-related asthma-like symptoms among those with allergic rhinitis (OR, 13.2; 95% CI, 3.1 to 56.4) and conjunctivitis (OR, 8.4; 95% CI, 2.4 to 29.2). The most prominent risk factors in florists were work intensity, work duration, and specific atopy.
Occupational-respiratory-disease; Respiratory-hypersensitivity; Risk-analysis; Risk-factors; Work-analysis; Allergic-disorders; Allergies; Spirometry; Pulmonary-function-tests; Gardeners; Respiratory-system-disorders; Pulmonary-system-disorders;
Author Keywords: asthma; atopy; flower; occupation; work intensity
National Institute for Occupational Safety and Health, Division of Respiratory Diseases Studies, Mail Stop H-2800, 1095 Willowdale Road, Morgantown, WV 26505