Occupational exposures and mortality among U.S. construction workers 1984-86: filling in the gaps.
Robinson-C; Venable-H; Stern-F; Burnett-C; Sieber-K; Sestito-J; Frazier-T; Fingerhut-M
National Conference on State-Based Occupational Health and Safety Activities, September 3-6, 1991, Cincinnati, Ohio. Cincinnati, OH: National Institute for Occupational Safety and Health, 1991 Sep; :37
Construction is one of the largest industries in the United States and employs 7.5 million workers. There is evidence indicating that construction special trades workers may be experiencing a high proportion of work-related injuries, but not much is known about health. This has led to an effort to explore the health problems of construction workers. As a first step, we analyzed the 1984-1986 NIOSH occupational mortality surveillance data. This is occupation-coded death certificate data from 19 U.S. states that together with the National Center for Health Statistics and the National Cancer Institute have shared the added costs of coding occupation and industry on their death certificates. Results show that several site-specific cancers and other chronic disease PMRs were statistically significantly elevated for 61,682 white male construction workers. Men younger than age 65, who were probably still employed at death had significantly elevated PMRs for cancer, asbestos-related diseases, mental disorders, alcoholism, digestive diseases, falls, poisonings, industrial fatalities and homicides. Statistically significant elevated PMRs were observed for men in several construction trades. NIOSH environmental data sets indicated that there were many potentially hazardous exposures at construction worksites. The data suggested several hypotheses for future in-depth research as well as some new NIOSH surveillance Branch projects for construction workers.
Occupational-exposure; Mortality-data; Mortality-rates; Construction-workers; Construction-industry; Occupational-health; Worker-health; Injuries; Mortality-surveys; Demographic-characteristics; Sex-factors; Men; Age-factors; Cancer; Alcoholism; Mental-disorders; Statistical-analysis
Conference/Symposia Proceedings; Abstract
National Conference on State-Based Occupational Health and Safety Activities, September 3-6, 1991, Cincinnati, Ohio