Optimizing secondary roof support with the NIOSH support technology optimization program (STOP).
Proceedings of the 19th International Conference on Ground Control in Mining, August 8-10, 2000, Morgantown, West Virginia. Peng SS, Mark C, eds., Morgantown, WV: West Virginia University, 2000 Aug; :74-83
The 1990s brought an unprecedented increase in the development of innovative technologies to provide more effective and easier-to-install roof support in underground mines. To facilitate the application of these technologies in improving mine safety, the National Institute for Occupational Safety and Health (NIOSH) developed the Support Technology Optimization Program (STOP). STOP is a Windows-based software program that provides mine operators with a simple and practical tool to make engineering decisions about the selection and placement of these various roof support technologies. The program includes a complete database of the support characteristics and loading profiles obtained through safety performance testing of these supports at the NIOSH Safety Structures Testing Laboratory. A support design criterion in the form of the required support load density at a specified convergence can be established from four options: (1) a database of measured ground reaction obtained from various mines or ground behavior information input by the user, (2) load requirements based on a detached roof block or rock failure height, (3) criteria based on the current roof support system, and /or (4) arbitrary criteria set by the user. Using these design criteria, the program will determine the installation requirements for a particular support technology that will provide the necessary support load density and convergence control. Optimization routines are also available to determine the most efficient support design for a user-specified support installation. In addition to these performance measures, STOP can be used to compare material handling requirements and installation costs. Comparisons among the various support technologies are easily made, including a graphical analysis of relevant support parameters. This paper describes STOP and it application to optimizing standing secondary roof support systems.
Coal-mining; Structural-analysis; Performance-capability; Accident-analysis; Accident-potential; Underground-mining; Ground-control
Proceedings of the 19th International Conference on Ground Control in Mining, August 8-10, 2000, Morgantown, West Virginia