Occupational injuries among older workers with visual, auditory, and other impairments. A validation study.
Zwerling-C; Whitten-PS; Davis-CS; Sprince-NL
J Occup Environ Med 1998 Aug; 40(8):720-723
This study aims to validate a previously defined model of the risk of occupational injuries among older workers with visual, auditory, or other impairments. That model was based upon the Health and Retirement Study (HRS). The previous logistic regression model was recalculated using data from the 1994 National Health Interview Survey (NHIS). The parameter estimates for impaired hearing (.181 in NHIS, 1.55 in HRS), impaired vision (2.42 in NHIS, 1.48 in HRS), and self-employment (0.22 in NHIS, 0.49 in HRS) were in same direction and of roughly the same magnitude. The previously defined model was confirmed using NHIS data. The data suggest that as the workforce ages, more attention must be paid to the accommodation of disabilities in the workplace, especially sensory impairments-poor vision and hearing.
Occupational-health; Injuries; Risk-factors; Age-factors; Demographic-characteristics; Workers; Job-analysis; Risk-analysis; Epidemiology; Statistical-analysis; Vision-disorders; Auditory-system; Hearing-loss; Eyesight
Craig Zwerling, MD, PhD, MPH, University of Iowa Prevention Research Center, 100 Oakdale Campus, 124 AMRF, Iowa City, IA 52242
Investigation of Adverse Effects
Journal of Occupational and Environmental Medicine
University of Iowa, School of Medicine, Iowa City, Iowa