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Exposure profiles of former construction workers.
Bingham E; Rice CH; McDougall V; Cook C
Eur J Oncol 1998 Jan; 3(4):329-333
This research seeks to develop methods to predict potential past exposures of construction workers at nuclear production facilities so that targeted medical surveillance can occur. Because no records of exposures for these "temporary" or intermittent workers exist, a significant component in reconstructing potential exposures is the development of an institutional history of the facilities. An historical account of one facility, the Oak Ridge Reservation, with three sites, was developed using public records. Analyses of the processes used over 50 years provided information on hazardous materials at specific time periods. Incidents of releases of chemical and physical agents were recorded. Occupational disease information was obtained where available for production workers. A data base was constructed from the information sources and production records that contained the following information: building names, construction and renovation history (indicating types of materials used e.g. asbestos), uses of the building (including processes and operations performed over time), lists of chemical and physical agents found in the processes or operations, history of spills and history of known diseases among production workers (e.g. beryllium disease). This approach to reconstructing exposures can provide qualitative information that is critical to determining whether a construction worker may be at increased risk for certain chronic diseases such as asbestosis, beryllium disease and cancer.
Construction-workers; Nuclear-hazards; Toxic-materials; Health-hazards; Exposure-levels; Surveillance-programs; Occupational-exposure; Occupational-diseases; Cancer; Hazardous-materials; Asbestosis; Beryllium-disease
Eula Bingham, University of Cincinnati, Department of Environmental Health, PO Box 670056, USA
Issue of Publication
Research Tools and Approaches: Surveillance Research Methods
European Journal of Oncology
Department of Environmental Health, University of Cincinnati, Cincinnati, Ohio