Patterns and predictors of employer risk-reduction activities (ERRAs) in response to a work-related upper extremity cumulative trauma disorder (UECTD): reports from workers' compensation claimants.
Keogh-JP; Gucer-P; Gordon-J; Nuwayhid-I
Am J Ind Med 2000 Nov; 38(5):489-497
Despite being preventable, work-related upper extremity cumulative trauma disorders (UECTDs) remain problematic. This study is unique in its focus on predictors of employer risk-reduction activities (ERRAs) in response to a UECTD case. Workers' compensation claimants (N = 537) completed a telephone survey about employer risk-reduction activities, workplace characteristics, safety programs, and physician recommendations for job modifications. Only 52% of respondents reported employer actions to investigate or reduce UECTD risk. Engineering and pace changes were prominent for keyboard workers and transfer to another job for manufacturing workers. Safety programs and physician recommendations increased the likelihood of risk-reduction activities. An opportunity to intervene post-injury to reduce risks for the injured worker and prevent new UECTD cases is being missed. Physician recommendations are strongly associated with specific ERRAs thought to be most effective. Educating employers and physicians about ergonomics could result in prevention of UECTDs.
Traumatic-injuries; Musculoskeletal-system; Arm-injuries; Neck-injuries; Medical-care; Medical-treatment; Risk-factors; Risk-analysis; Musculoskeletal-system-disorders; Cumulative-trauma-disorders; Cumulative-trauma; Injuries; Occupational-hazards; Occupational-health; Carpal-tunnel-syndrome; Occupational-diseases;
Author Keywords: carpal tunnel syndrome; risk-reduction; occupational disease; follow-up studies; workers' compensation; rehabilitation; prevention; physician recommendations; safety committees
Patricia W. Gucer, Occupational Health Project, University of Maryland School of Medicine, 405 West Redwood Street, 2nd Floor, Baltimore, MD 21201
Disease and Injury: Musculoskeletal Disorders of the Upper Extremities
American Journal of Industrial Medicine
School of Medicine, University of Maryland Baltimore, Baltimore, Maryland