Evaluation of a mine panel failure using the local mine stiffness criterion - a case study.
Trans Soc Min Metal Explor 2003 Jan; 312:8-19
A new method of pillar stability evaluation was proposed. The unique feature about the method is that it estimates two types of stability factors for the pillar. The first stability factor is to measure how much the applied stress at that point is smaller than its strength, and the second stability factor is to predict whether or not the pillar will fail violently. The strain-softening behavior of coal pillars was simulated by the Drucker-Prager yield criterion. A new algorithm that simulates the strain-hardening behavior of the gob was used. A numerical technique to estimate the local mine stiffness (LMS) was introduced and verified by both numerical and analytical methods. A case of massive pillar failure in a room-and-pillar mine was used to define the stability limits for the proposed method.
Coal-mining; Mining-industry; Occupational-hazards; Engineering-controls; Engineering; Models; Case-studies; Rock-bursts; Rock-falls; Rock-mechanics; Geology; Ground-control; Ground-stability
Transactions of the Society for Mining, Metallurgy, and Exploration
West Virginia University Research Corporation, Morgantown, West Virginia