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Permeation of xylene isomers through nitrile gloves.
Tsai SW; Que Hee SS
J Appl Polym Sci 1997 Mar; 63(13):1713-1721
The physical parameters of the xylene isomers (the positional isomers o-, m-, and p-xylenes and the skeletal isomer ethyl benzene) responsible for the differing permeation behavior of the isomers through lined unsupported 0.41 mm thick nitrile glove material were investigated. An ASTM type permeation cell at 30 degrees C, constant mixing conditions, hexane liquid collection, and capillary column gas chromatography/mass spectrometry of samples taken from the collection side every ten minutes allowed break through times tb and steady-state sections to be defined. While pure isomers had distinct break through times tb(m-xylene = p-xylene < ethyl benzene = o-xylene), steady-state permeation rates Ps(p-xylene > m-xylene > ethyl benzene = o-xylene), lag times tl(m-xylene < p-xylene = ethyl benzene < o-xylene), and diffusion coefficients Dp(m-xylene < p-xylene = ethyl benzene < o-xylene), such behavior was lost in a equal volume mixture (tb, tl, Ps, and Dp were equivalent). The average Ps of the mixture isomers of equal volumes did not differ from that expected from the individual pure isomer Ps values. The results for the pure isomers were attributed to o-xylene and ethyl benzene being similarly sterically hindered, the p-xylene being the flattest and most symmetrical molecule and having no dipole moment, and m-xylene being intermediate in steric structure. The pure isomer tl were directly related to viscosity divided by the log octanol-water coefficient, while their log Ps was inversely related to dipole moment times the logarithm of the capacity factor for water for a reversed-phase high-performance liquid chromatography column. In an equivolume mixture of the isomers, isomer interactions caused equivalence for all permeation kinetic parameters, indicating that the kinetics of mixture constituents is not predictable from the behavior of the pure constituents, although mass transfer appears additive.
Xylenes; Nitriles; Benzenes; Gas-chromatography; Mass-spectrometry; Protective-clothing; Protective-materials; Personal-protection; Author Keywords: permeation; glove; xylene; ethyl benzene; nitrile
Department of Environmental Health Sciences and Center for Occupational and Environmental Health, UCLA School of Public Health, 10833 Le Conte Ave., Los Angeles, California 90095-1772 USA
1330-20-7; 106-42-3; 95-47-6; 108-38-3; 100-41-4
Issue of Publication
Research Tools and Approaches: Intervention Effectiveness Research
Journal of Applied Polymer Science
University of California, School of Public Health, Department of Environmental Health Sciences, 10333 Le Conte Avenue, Los Angeles, CA 90024-1772
Page last reviewed: September 2, 2020
Content source: National Institute for Occupational Safety and Health Education and Information Division