The role of phosphatidylinositol-3 kinase in vanadate-promoted S phase entry.
Zhang-Z; Geo-N; He-H; Huang-C; Jiang-B; Jia-L; Shi-X
Mol Cell Biochem 2004 Jan; 255(1-2):239-245
Phosphatidylinositil-3 kinase (PI3K) is a heterodimer of catalytic and regulatory subunits. It is involved in various signaling pathways and key functions of the cells. The present study investigated the role of PI3K in vanadate-induced alteration in cell cycle regulation in C141 mouse epidermal cells. Vanadate caused a time- and dose-dependent increase in PI3K activity and phosphorylation of p70 S6 kinase (p70S6K) at Thr421/Ser424 and Thr389 sites. The phosphorylation at these sites was inhibited by PI3K inhibitor, LY294002, and p70S6K mutation. Vanadate promoted S phase entry and this promotion was inhibited by LY294002 and rapmycin, a p70S6K inhibitor. Vanadate-induced enhancement in S phase entry was also inhibited in transfection with dominant negative p70S6K mutant cells. The results obtained show that vanadate is able to increase PI3K activity through phosphorylation. PI3K activated p70S6K, which phosphated protein S6, and promoted S phase entry.
Epidemiology; Inhalation-studies; Particulates; Airborne-particles; Cardiopulmonary-system-disorders; Lung-cancer; Exposure-levels; Metal-dusts; Metallic-dusts; Metallic-ions;
Author Keywords: vanadate; PI3-K; p70 S6 kinase; signaling pathway; cell cycle regulation
Pathology and Physiology Research Branch, National Institute for Occupational Safety and Health, Morgantown, WV 26505, USA
Molecular and Cellular Biochemistry