Fatal occupational injuries, 1980-1998: two decades of surveillance.
NOIRS 2003-Abstracts of the National Occupational Injury Research Symposium 2003, October 28-30, Pittsburgh, Pennsylvania. Pittsburgh, PA: National Institute for Occupational Safety and Health, 2003 Oct; :16
With almost 20 years of data, the National Institute for Occupational Safety and Health's National Traumatic Occupational Fatalities (NTOF) surveillance system contains the largest source of consistently collected fatal occupational injury data in the U.S. NTOF includes death certificate information from the 50 states, New York City, and the District of Columbia. Certificates are collected yearly for victims 16 years of age or older who had a positive response to the "Injury at work?" item and an external cause of death. Rates per 100,000 workers were calculated by using the micro data files from the Bureau of Labor Statistics' Current Population Survey. A linear regression model was used to determine if rates decreased significantly by year from 1980 through 1998. To determine statistical significance, p-values for the test that the regression slope was not equal to 0 were evaluated at p=0.05. During this 19-year period, the average rate was 5.0 per 100,000 workers. The 48% decline in rates from 1980 to 1998 was significant (7.4 to 3.9, respectively; p<0.0001). While all age categories experienced significant declines in rates, the youngest workers (16-17 years old) experienced the largest decrease and the oldest workers (65 years and older) experienced the smallest decline. Causes of death with the largest decreases in rates were fires (75%) and water transport (67%). The decline in rates was significant for all causes except suicide and for all industries except retail trade, finance/insurance/real estate, and mining. Although there have been statistically significant decreases in the number and rate of fatal occupational injuries since 1980, prevention efforts must continue to focus on older workers, causes of death such as motor vehicles, and those persons working in industries such as mining.
Occupational-accidents; Occupational-hazards; Injuries; Injury-prevention; Surveillance-programs; Mortality-data; Demographic-characteristics; Age-factors; Motor-vehicles; Mining-industry
Abstract; Conference/Symposia Proceedings
NOIRS 2003-Abstracts of the National Occupational Injury Research Symposium 2003, October 28-30, Pittsburgh, Pennsylvania