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Up-regulation of expression of translation factors - a novel molecular mechanism for cadmium carcinogenesis.
Joseph P; Lei Y; Ong T
Mol Cell Biochem 2004 Jan; 255(1-2):93-101
The molecular mechanisms potentially responsible for cadmium carcinogenesis were investigated by differential gene expression analysis of Balb/c-3T3 cells morphologically transformed with cadmium chloride. Differential display analysis of gene expression revealed overexpression of mouse Translation Initiation Factor 3 (TIF3; GenBank Accession Number AF 271072) and Translation Elongation Factor-1d (TEF-1d; GenBank Accession Number AF 304351) in the transformed cells compared with the control cells. The full length cDNAs for TIF3 and TEF-1d were cloned and sequenced. Transfection of mammalian cells with an expression vector containing either TIF3 or TEF-1d cDNA resulted in overexpression of the encoded protein. Overexpression of the cDNA-encoded TIF3 and TEF-1d proteins in NIH3T3 cells was oncogenic as evidenced by the appearance of transformed foci capable of anchorage-independent growth on soft agar and tumorigenesis in nude mouse. Blocking the translation of TIF3 and TEF-1d proteins using the corresponding antisense mRNA resulted in a significant reversal of the oncogenic potential of cadmium transformed Balb/c-3T3 cells as evidenced from the suppression of anchorage-independent growth on soft agar and diminished tumorigenesis in nude mouse. These findings demonstrate that the up-regulation of expression of TIF3 and TEF-1d is a novel molecular mechanism responsible, at least in part, for cadmium carcinogenesis.
Air-contamination; Respiratory-system-disorders; Respiratory-irritants; Carcinogenesis; Air-quality; Cigarette-smoking; Heavy-metals; Cadmium-compounds; Cadmium-poisoning; Gene-mutation; Author Keywords: cadmium; carcinogenesis; mechanisms; gene expression; translation factors
Pathology and Physiology Research Branch, Health Effects Laboratory Division, National Institute for Occupational Safety and Health, 1095 Willowdale Rd., Morgantown, WV
Issue of Publication
Research Tools and Approaches: Cancer Research Methods
Molecular and Cellular Biochemistry