NIOSHTIC-2 Publications Search

Defining hazard areas around construction equipment.

Hause MG
NOIRS 2003-Abstracts of the National Occupational Injury Research Symposium 2003, October 28-30, Pittsburgh, Pennsylvania. Pittsburgh, PA: National Institute for Occupational Safety and Health, 2003 Oct; :21
Construction workers are at risk of fatal and serious nonfatal injuries when working on foot near construction vehicles (e.g., dump trucks) and equipment (e.g., graders, wheeled loaders, and excavators). Between 1992 and 1998, excluding collisions between vehicles and single-vehicle crashes, 818 construction workers were killed in incidents involving construction vehicles and equipment. Of these, 703 deaths were due to a worker on foot being struck by a vehicle (437 deaths), or being caught between, in or pinned by a vehicle (266 deaths). Evaluation of worker exposure to the hazard of being struck by construction vehicles and equipment requires an understanding of the blind areas surrounding the construction vehicles and equipment. A blind area is the area around a vehicle or piece of construction equipment that is not visible to the operators, either by direct line-of-sight or indirectly by use of internal and external mirrors. Forty-three blind area diagrams for construction equipment have been developed; 19 by our in house research staff, and 24 via an external vendor through a contract. The diagrams will be combined with information on operating speeds of the equipment and human reaction times to define hazardous areas around equipment on asphalt paving operations. Zones of varying probability of being struck by operating equipment will define these hazard areas. The blind area diagrams presented are an integral component of defining worker exposure to being struck by operating equipment learned from pre-intervention and post-intervention studies that are currently being conducted.
Construction-industry; Construction-equipment; Occupational-hazards; Hazards; Construction-workers; Construction-materials; Traumatic-injuries; Risk-factors; Occupational-exposure; Injuries; Injury-prevention; Accident-prevention
Publication Date
Document Type
Abstract; Conference/Symposia Proceedings
Funding Type
Fiscal Year
NIOSH Division
Priority Area
Disease and Injury: Traumatic Injuries
Source Name
NOIRS 2003-Abstracts of the National Occupational Injury Research Symposium 2003, October 28-30, Pittsburgh, Pennsylvania
Page last reviewed: September 2, 2020
Content source: National Institute for Occupational Safety and Health Education and Information Division