Skip directly to search Skip directly to A to Z list Skip directly to page options Skip directly to site content

NIOSHTIC-2 Publications Search

Search Results

Hospitalized occupational injuries and illnesses treated in the United States emergency departments.

Tyler-KL; Jackson-LL
APHA 131st Annual Meeting and Exposition, San Francisco, California, November 15-19, 2003. Washington, DC: American Public Health Association, 2003 Nov; :66617
To estimate the number and rate of nonfatal occupational hospitalized injuries and illnesses treated in emergency departments and to compare work-related hospitalized injuries to those treated and released from emergency departments. Data were obtained from emergency department records through the National Electronic Injury Surveillance System (NEISS), a national probability sample of United States 24-hour emergency departments. An estimated 70,100 (+/-16,900) nonfatal occupational injuries and illnesses treated in emergency departments in 1999 resulted in hospitalization. Hospitalized males had an injury/illness rate (7.5+/-1.9 per 10,000 full-time equivalent workers (FTE)) three times higher than females (2.3+/-0.6). Despite workers <54 comprising 82% (57,800+/-14,600) of hospitalized injuries, the injury rate for workers >55 (7.8+/-1.8) was two times higher, although not statistically significant. Dislocations/fractures (36%), lacerations/punctures (13%), and concussions (8%) represented 58% of hospitalized injuries. Contact with objects and equipment (37%), i.e., struck by falling or hand-held objects, and falls (33%) were the leading hospitalized injury events. About 40% (23,300+/-5,000) of injuries to workers <54 were due to contact with objects and equipment resulting in fractures (26%) and severe lacerations (23%). Falls comprised about half (5,600+/-1,500) of hospitalized injuries to workers >55 with 77% of these falls resulting in fractures. Many hospitalized injuries occurred in construction (21%), manufacturing (16%), and services (14%) industries. Overall, agriculture comprised 8% of hospitalized injuries; however among workers 65, agriculture represented 28% of their injuries. Conclusions: Prevention of the most severe workplace injuries must focus on contact with objects and falls, taking into account age-specific issues by industry.
Injuries; Occupational-diseases; Risk-factors; Occupational-hazards; Emergency-treatment; Injury-prevention; Sampling; Demographic-characteristics; Sex-factors; Construction-industry; Construction-workers; Agricultural-industry; Agricultural-workers; Traumatic-injuries
Division of Safety Research, NIOSH, 1095 Willowdale Road, MS H1808, Morgantown, WV 26505
Publication Date
Document Type
Email Address
Fiscal Year
NTIS Accession No.
NTIS Price
NIOSH Division
Source Name
APHA 131st Annual Meeting and Exposition, San Francisco, California, November 15-19, 2003