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Four dimensions of healthy work: stress, work-family relations, violence prevention, and relationships at work.

Quick JC; Piotrkowski C; Jenkins L; Brooks YB
Psychology builds a healthy world: opportunities for research and practice. Washington, DC: American Psychological Association, 2003 Nov; :233-273
This chapter is a composite of four independent yet interrelated contributions related to the central issue of healthy work and a healthy world. Each of the authors brings a unique perspective and professional expertise to address a specific dimension of health at work. Although there is some overlap and some interdependence among the four sections of the chapter, each section stands largely as the contribution of the section author to the larger issue of how to build a healthy world at work and beyond. The resulting chapter is a composite of independent and interdependent perspectives that fit under the larger umbrella of healthy workplaces. The first section provides an overview of stress and health in organizations. Paul Rosch (2001) of the American Institute of Stress calls job stress a health epidemic needing medical and psychological treatment. Since the early research on organizational stress, the public health notions have been applied to the stress process, with attendant concerns for workplace surveillance and preventive interventions. This section considers related issues, such as unemployment, which have spillover effects on health at work. Occupational health psychology is a specialty in, psychology aimed at enhancing healthy work.. The section then recommends that psychology build healthier workplaces through chief psychological officers in organizations and by elaborating a framework for organizational therapy. The second section brings our attention to the relationship between work and family life and discusses the limitations of current research 'in this field. It notes that families in the United States receive little government or institutional support to fulfill their important social responsibilities, so they struggle on their own to meet work and family obligations. It is further suggested that single parents in low-wage jobs have particular difficulty balancing work and family, but they have, been largely invisible to work and family researchers. The section then calls, attention to promoting the health of these vulnerable families through a new generation of research. The third section addresses the low-frequency, high-impact health risk of violence in the workplace. It uses the publc health notions of prevention, including workplace surveillance systems, to outline strategies for the prevention of workplace violence. The fourth section addresses the unique occupational case of the professional athlete from the perspective of a professional sports consultant. The section focuses on the lifestyle issues and potential challenges to healthy work- and lifestyles with this select group. Areas for potential clinical investigation and intervention are also identified.
Psychological-stress; Psychological-effects; Job-stress; Athletes; Stress; Sociological-factors; Sociology; Surveillance-programs
Publication Date
Document Type
Rozensky RH; Johnson NG; Goodheart CD; Hammond RW
Fiscal Year
NIOSH Division
Priority Area
Disease and Injury: Traumatic Injuries
Source Name
Psychology Builds a Healthy World: Opportunities for Research and Practice
Page last reviewed: September 2, 2020
Content source: National Institute for Occupational Safety and Health Education and Information Division