On September 30, 2002, a 50-year-old male career Captain (the victim) died when a parapet wall collapsed on him at an auto body shop fire. Arriving units advised responding crews that the structure was "fully involved". Crews began an exterior attack as the fire had self-vented through the side windows and the roof. Crews were operating in a defensive posture when the parapet wall and overhanging facade fell forward, landing on top of the victim. A Lieutenant and an emergency medical technician were also injured by the collapsing parapet wall. Rescuers removed the victim from the debris and found that he did not have a pulse and was not breathing. The victim was transported to an area hospital where he was later pronounced dead. NIOSH investigators concluded that, to minimize the risk of similar occurrences, fire departments should: 1) establish and implement written standard operating procedures (SOPs) regarding emergency operations on the fireground; 2) ensure that officers and fire fighters at a structure fire continuously analyze the building to identify collapse potential; 3) ensure that a collapse zone is established and clearly identified at structure fires involving buildings susceptible to collapse; 4) ensure that pre-emergency planning is completed for mercantile and business occupancies; 5) ensure that a separate Incident Safety Officer (ISO), independent from the Incident Commander, is appointed.