Agricultural safety and health best management practices.
NIOSH 2001 Apr :1-6
This project uniquely combined two familiar agricultural practices-audits and best management practices (BMPs)-to address farm work hazards and hazard control. Audits and BMPs were combined in the Agricultural Safety and Health Best Management Practices (ASHBMP) Manual, which was developed at Penn State. The investigators sought to determine if the ASHBMP Manual was an effective educational and auditing tool via the following objectives: determine the interrater reliability and internal consistency of the ASHBMP Manual as an auditing tool; determine the effectiveness of the ASHBMP Manual with the target audiences; and determine the efficacy of using the visually-oriented ASHBMP Manual as a hazard audit tool for reducing hazards on farms. The interrater reliability for the ASHBMP Manual when evaluated by 21 insurance company representatives had high levels of concordance when compared to each other's results and when the group was compared to the ASHBMP Manual developers. Similar results were found when agricultural educators were tested for internal consistency. The target audiences-insurance company representatives, farmers, and agricultural educators-where asked questions to see if they thought the ASHBMP Manual had internal consistency and was an effective tool for farmers to use to reduce farm hazard levels. All groups thought the manual did have good internal consistency. They also agreed that farmers would find the ASHBMP Manual to be an effective tool in reducing farm hazard levels. A modified pretest-posttest control group design was used to test the effectiveness of the ASHBMP Manual on 145 randomly selected Pennsylvania farms. Testing included baseline and post-intervention hazard audits using three intervention groups and one control. The post-intervention audit occurred not less than 90 days after the baseline audit. Analysis of the data showed there was a significant decrease in farm hazard levels when farmers received a copy of the ASHBMP Manual over those farmers who did not receive a copy of the manual. There was also a positive significant difference among farmers who used the ASHBMP Manual over farmers who received the control (traditional safety fact sheets). In conclusion, the data the supports the hypothesis that the ASHBMP Manual is an effective tool for helping farmers to reduce farm hazards levels.
Agricultural-processes; Agricultural-workers; Agricultural-machinery; Education; Farmers; Work-practices; Questionnaires; Traumatic-injuries; Accident-prevention; Injury-prevention
Final Grant Report
Research Tools and Approaches; Intervention Effectiveness Research
National Institute for Occupational Safety and Health
Pennsylvania State University, University Park, Pennsylvania