NIOSHTIC-2 Publications Search
Organizational predictors of successful return to work.
Atlanta, GA: U.S. Department of Health and Human Services, Public Health Service, Centers for Disease Control and Prevention, National Institute for Occupational Safety and Health, R01-OH-003523, 2003 Apr; :1-54
The purpose of this project was to develop both worker and employer uses of Organizational Policies and Practices surveys (OPP) and to examine their validity and reliability. A second purpose was to examine the role of OPPs in work disability in a prospective study. To accomplish these aims we followed 197 workers with electrophysiologically confirmed carpal tunnel syndrome (CTS) from a pre-surgical baseline to two months, six months, and 12 months post-surgery. In addition, we surveyed key informants from 76 employers (71 % response rate) about OPPs. Major findings to date are: (1) higher OPPs predict better work role functioning at six months post-surgery; (2) the change in self-efficacy from baseline to two months post-surgery predicts six month work role functioning; (3) the four worker-reported OPP dimensions (safety practices, ergonomic practices, disability management, and people oriented culture) have predictive validity; (4) there is agreement between workers and employers on OPPs at the scale level on people oriented culture but not on safety practices, ergonomic practices and disability management; (5) if a single index of OPPs is created, and then there is agreement; (6) comparison with written policies was attempted but was inconclusive due to the low response rate; (7) Confirmatory Factor Analysis produced a reduced 26-item version of employer OPPs with high scale reliability and validity.
Occupational-sociology; Disabled-workers; Work-analysis; Work-capability; Work-practices; Worker-health; Work-operations; Electrophysiological-effects; Carpal-tunnel-syndrome; Management-personnel; Behavior; Behavior-patterns; Injury-prevention; Health-surveys
University of Texas, School of Public Health, Houston Health Science Center, Suite E905, P.O. Box 20186, Houston, TX 77225
Final Grant Report
NTIS Accession No.
Work Environment and Workforce: Organization of Work
National Institute for Occupational Safety and Health
University of Texas, School of Public Health, Houston Health Science Center, Houston, Texas
Page last reviewed: September 2, 2020
Content source: National Institute for Occupational Safety and Health Education and Information Division