Analysis of mine fires and fire injuries at U.S. underground and surface mines: 1999-2001.
NOIRS 2003-Abstracts of the National Occupational Injury Research Symposium 2003, October 28-30, Pittsburgh, Pennsylvania. Pittsburgh, PA: National Institute for Occupational Safety and Health, 2003 Oct; :60
Fire and fire injury and fatality data from MSHA accident reports and verbal discussions with mine personnel were analyzed for the period 1990-2001 to arrive at fire incidence and injury risk rates for underground and surface coal and metal/nonmetal mines. The analysis also discusses other variables, such as ignition sources, detection and suppression methods, and major types of equipment involved. During this period, 1,041 fires occurred, resulting in 488 injuries, 7 fatalities, and 50,957 lost workdays (included are 6,000 lost workdays for each fire fatality). While there is some overlap of major ignition sources and equipment involved in injuries reported for underground coal mines compared to underground metal/nonmetal mines, the analysis also identifies several major differences in the ignition sources and equipment for the two mining sectors. For surface operations, the analysis indicates that the ignition sources and equipment involved were essentially the same for both coal and metal/nonmetal mining sectors. The analysis represents an essential tool for assessing fire research and prevention needs for both coal and metal/nonmetal mines.
Underground mining; Coal mining; Metal mining; Nonmetal mining; Surface mining; Mine fires; Injuries; Ignition sources; Mining equipment; Fire prevention
NIOSH Pittsburgh Research Laboratory, P.O. Box 18070, Pittsburgh, PA 15236
Abstract; Conference/Symposia Proceedings
NOIRS 2003-Abstracts of the National Occupational Injury Research Symposium 2003, October 28-30, Pittsburgh, Pennsylvania