Managing human risk in livestock handling.
Isaacs-SG; Powers-L; Lineberry-GT; Scharf-T; Wiehagen-WJ
NOIRS 2003-Abstracts of the National Occupational Injury Research Symposium 2003, October 28-30, Pittsburgh, Pennsylvania. Pittsburgh, PA: National Institute for Occupational Safety and Health, 2003 Oct; :28
According to the 1997 Census of Agriculture, 66.7% of farms in the United States produce some form of livestock. Similarly, 63.4% of Kentucky farms have livestock. Considering that agriculture typically occupies one of the top three rankings of hazardous occupations, research opportunities exist for studies identifying causes of traumatic injuries on livestock farms. This project addresses the human risk and injury prevention in livestock handling practices. Using the precepts of the Work Crew Performance Model, a critical-factor assessment tool from the mining and construction industries, this project attempted to identify and prioritize critical tasks in both routine and emergency livestock handling situations. Tasks were identified and ranked by farm-family focus groups on the basis of the seriousness of economic consequences resulting from the failure to perform the task correctly. Focus group results for both routine and emergency livestock handling situations will be presented. Kentucky Cooperative Extension Agents for Agriculture completed a validation of the tasks identified by these farm families. County agents assisted in identifying and ranking the most critical tasks when handling livestock. The results of this validation process will also be presented. A livestock handling safety checklist has been developed that will become part of multidisciplinary extension education programming in Agricultural Economics, Agricultural Engineering, and Animal Science. The likelihood and economic consequences of injury events in livestock handling can be compared to the costs of practices, technologies, and facilities for safe handling to aid livestock producers in choosing less risky courses of action.
Livestock; Agricultural-industry; Task-performance; Injuries; Agriculture; Injury-prevention; Agricultural-workers; Farmers; Livestock-industry
NIOSH Pittsburgh Research Laboratory, P.O. Box 18070, Pittsburgh, PA 15236
Abstract; Conference/Symposia Proceedings
Research Tools and Approaches: Intervention Effectiveness Research
NOIRS 2003-Abstracts of the National Occupational Injury Research Symposium 2003, October 28-30, Pittsburgh, Pennsylvania