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On-the-hand measurement methods for assessing effectiveness of anti-vibration gloves.

Dong RG; McDowell TW; Welcome DE; Smutz WP; Schopper AW; Warren C; Wu JZ; Rakheja S
Int J Ind Ergon 2003 Oct; 32(4):283-298
Several technical difficulties have been associated with the current test and evaluation methods for assessing the vibration isolation effectiveness of anti-vibration gloves. The effectiveness of the gloves for specific powered hand tools can be assessed through measurement of acceleration on the head of the third metacarpal or at the wrist. In the present study, the reliability of these on-the-hand measurement methods is evaluated through assessing the vibration transmissibility of gloves while operating chipping hammers. Two different methods, with and without the prior knowledge of tool vibration, for deriving the transmissibility of the gloves are also evaluated. The study used an air bladder glove and a gel-filled glove, two chipping hammers, and feed forces in the 50-200 N range. Six male volunteers were used as test subjects. The transmissibility of the gloves is also estimated using a total vibration transfer function method. The results suggest that the on-the-hand methods offer some unique advantages over the palm adapter method outlined in ISO-10819, but they suffer from poor repeatability when a high degree of tool vibration variability is observed, especially if the tool vibration is not measured and used for the assessment. Glove transmissibility measured at the third metacarpal is more repeatable than that derived from the measurements at the wrist. Reasonably good agreements were observed between the predicted and measured transmissibility values of the air glove. However, the measured transmissibility values for the gel-filled glove suggest that it may perform better than as predicted using the transfer function method.
Personal protective equipment; Gloves; Vibration; Vibration control; Vibration suppressors; Power tools; Hand protection; Hand tools; Measurement equipment; Materials testing; Tools; Protective clothing; Author Keywords: Anti-vibration gloves; Vibration transmissibility; Assessment method; Hand-arm vibration; Vibration attenuation; Chipping hammers; Measurement of glove vibration transmissibility; Prediction of tool-specific glove transmissibility
Engineering and Control Technology Branch, National Institute for Occupational Safety and Health, 1095 Willowdale Road, MS 2201, Morgantown, WV 26505, USA
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Journal Article
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NIOSH Division
Priority Area
Disease and Injury: Musculoskeletal Disorders of the Upper Extremities
Source Name
International Journal of Industrial Ergonomics
Page last reviewed: September 3, 2021
Content source: National Institute for Occupational Safety and Health Education and Information Division