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School health guidelines to prevent unintentional injuries and violence.

Barrios LC; Davis MK; Kann L; Desai S; Mercy JA; Reese LE; Sleet DA; Sosin DM
MMWR Recomm Rep 2001 Dec; 50(RR-22):1-74
Approximately two thirds of all deaths among children and adolescents aged 5 - 19 years result from injury-related causes: motor-vehicle crashes, all other unintentional injuries, homicide, and suicide. Schools have a responsibility to prevent injuries from occurring on school property and at school-sponsored events. In addition, schools can teach students the skills needed to promote safety and prevent unintentional injuries, violence, and suicide while at home, at work, at play, in the community, and throughout their lives. This report summarizes school health recommendations for preventing unintentional injury, violence, and suicide among young persons. These guidelines were developed by CDC in collaboration with specialists from universities and from national, federal, state, local, and voluntary agencies and organizations. They are based on an in-depth review of research, theory, and current practice in unintentional injury, violence, and suicide prevention; health education; and public health. Every recommendation is not appropriate or feasible for every school to implement. Schools should determine which recommendations have the highest priority based on the needs of the school and available resources. The guidelines include recommendations related to the following eight aspects of school health efforts to prevent unintentional injury, violence, and suicide: a social environment that promotes safety; a safe physical environment; health education curricula and instruction; safe physical education, sports, and recreational activities; health, counseling, psychological, and social services for students; appropriate crisis and emergency response; involvement of families and communities; and staff development to promote safety and prevent unintentional injuries, violence, and suicide.
Education; Health programs; Health protection; Injuries; Injury prevention; Children; Teaching; Safety education
Publication Date
Document Type
Journal Article
Fiscal Year
Issue of Publication
NIOSH Division
Priority Area
Disease and Injury; Traumatic Injuries
Source Name
Morbidity and Mortality Weekly Report: Recommendations and Report
Page last reviewed: March 3, 2021
Content source: National Institute for Occupational Safety and Health Education and Information Division