Fatal and non-fatal falls in United States agriculture production to youth less than 20 years old.
Hendricks-KJ; Goldcamp-M; Myers-JR
Proceedings of the National Institute for Farm Safety (NIFS) Annual Conference, June 23-27, 2002, Ponte Vedra, Florida. 2002 Jun; :1-16
Falls are one of the many dangers present in agriculture production. However, few studies have looked specifically at this hazard for youth populations who may have unique exposures and susceptibilities. Non-fatal falls, both work- and non-work-related, were examined using data from the Childhood Agricultural Injury Survey (CAIS). The CAIS, conducted by the U.S. Department of Agriculture for NIOSH, collected information on all non-fatal injuries to youth resulting from falls were examined using data from the U.S. Bureau of Labor Statistics, Census of Fatal Occupational Injuries (CFOI). CFOI collects data on occupational injury deaths throughout the United States. For the purposes of this research, the term fall includes injuries resulting from falls from heights, falls on the same level, or a fall from a vehicle or machine. From 1992-1999, CFOI identified 36 fatalities resulting from falls occurring to youth less than 20 years of age, the majority among males. Over three-quarters (81%) of the fatalities resulted from the youth falling from a vehicle or machine. In 64% of these cases the youth fell from and was struck by the vehicle or its trailing implement. CAIS identified an estimated 10,733 fall-related injuries to youth less than 20 years of age. The mean age was 9, with over three-quarters of the injuries occurring to males. Approximately 37% of the injuries were incurred while the youth was performing work or chores on the farm. Eighty-five percent of fall-related injuries occurred to youth living on the farm. Twenty-six percent of the injuries resulted from falling from a vehicle or machine. Reducing the exposure to youth to fall-related hazards is needed on farms. Strategies such as providing safe play areas for young children, and continuing efforts to prevent extra riders on farm equipment will help in reducing these hazardous fall exposures.
Agricultural-workers; Protective-equipment; Farmers; Tractors; Agricultural-processes; Children; Statistical-analysis; Traumatic-injuries; Accident-rates; Agricultural-machinery
Proceedings of the National Institute for Farm Safety (NIFS) Annual Conference, 2002