Manual materials handling.
Physical and biological hazards of the workplace. Wald PH, Stave GM, eds. New York: Van Nostrand Reinhold, 1994 Apr; :42-63
Nearly half the estimated 22 million cases of back pain reported by workers over a 12-month period in 1988 were work-related. These injuries accounted for more than 543 million lost 1 working days; ~12% of the respondents stopped, working or changed jobs due to back pain. This chapter provides an overview of the hazards associated with manual materials handling; it will focus on muscular strains and sprains, primarily of the lower back. Overuse and overexention injuries of the upper extremities are covered in Chapter 2. The prevention of these injuries requires sufficient knowledge to both identify workplace hazards and implement changes in the job or process that will reduce or eliminate these hazards.
Musculoskeletal-system-disorders; Risk-analysis; Manual-lifting; Ergonomics; Muscle-function; Repetitive-work; Manual-materials-handling; Materials-handling
Book or book chapter
Physical and biological hazards of the workplace