NIOSHTIC-2 Publications Search
Manual materials handling.
Waters T; Anderson VP
Physical and biological hazards of the workplace. Wald PH, Stave GM, eds. New York: Van Nostrand Reinhold, 1994 Apr; :42-63
Nearly half the estimated 22 million cases of back pain reported by workers over a 12-month period in 1988 were work-related. These injuries accounted for more than 543 million lost 1 working days; approximately 12% of the respondents stopped, working or changed jobs due to back pain. This chapter provides an overview of the hazards associated with manual materials handling; it will focus on muscular strains and sprains, primarily of the lower back.
Musculoskeletal system disorders; Risk analysis; Manual lifting; Ergonomics; Muscle function; Repetitive work; Manual materials handling; Materials handling
Wald PH; Stave GM
Physical and biological hazards of the workplace
Page last reviewed: March 3, 2021
Content source: National Institute for Occupational Safety and Health Education and Information Division