Manual materials handling.
Physical and biological hazards of the workplace, second edition. Wald PH, Stave GM, eds. New York: Wiley-Interscience, 2002 Jan; :51-77
Nearly half the cases of back pain reported by workers each year are work-related. These injuries accounted for more than 543 million lost working days: approximately 12% of the respondents stopped working or changed jobs due to back pain. This chapter provides an overview of the hazards associated with manual materials handling (MMH); it will focus on muscular strains and sprains, primarily of the lower back. Overuse and overexertion injuries of the upper extremities are covered in Chapter 2. The prevention of these injuries requires sufficient knowledge to both identify workplace hazards and implement changes in the job or process that will reduce or eliminate these hazards.
Musculoskeletal system disorders; Risk analysis; Manual lifting; Ergonomics; Muscle function; Manual materials handling; Materials handling; Repetitive work
Physical and biological hazards of the workplace, second edition