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External cause-specific summaries of occupational fatal injuries: part II - an analysis of years of potential life lost.
Bailer AJ; Bena JF; Stayner LT; Halperin WE; Park RM
Am J Ind Med 2003 Mar; 43(3):251-261
Fatal injury surveillance data provide an opportunity to assess the impact of occupational injuries and may indicate which industries or occupations are appreciably more hazardous than others, and thus should be given priority in public health intervention. Fatalities from the National Traumatic Occupational Fatality surveillance system served as the basis for examining external cause (E-code) specific impact summaries. Years of potential life lost (YPLL) were calculated for fatal injuries in the years 1983-1994. Industries and occupations were compared with respect to frequency of fatal injuries. In addition, injuries in categories of external causes are examined across all industries and occupations. Machinery, electric current, homicide, falls, and transportation-related are the external cause groups highlighted by high frequency/rate of occurrence. Electric current event groups are also characterized by high average YPLL. Poisoning, conflagration, and lightning were also identified in several occupations as having high associated average YPLL. The external-cause-specific analysis of average YPLL identified industries and occupations where, on average, younger workers were dying in fatal injuries. Noteworthy in this assessment were homicides and falls. The YPLL measure coupled with more commonly employed indices (e.g., rates) may provide a fuller description of the impact of occupational fatal injuries.
Occupational-hazards; Morbidity-rates; Injuries; Surveillance-programs; Traumatic-injuries; Electrocutions; Transportation; Workers; Workplace-studies; Machine-operators; Information-retrieval-systems; Accident-statistics; Motor-vehicles; Lifespan
A.John Bailer, Department of Mathematics and Statistics, Miami University, Oxford, OH 45056-1641
Issue of Publication
Research Tools and Approaches: Risk Assessment Methods
American Journal of Industrial Medicine
Page last reviewed: September 2, 2020
Content source: National Institute for Occupational Safety and Health Education and Information Division