Chemical exposure as a risk factor for hearing loss.
J Occup Environ Med 2003 Jul; 45(7):676-682
In 2002, the National Institute for Occupational Safety and Health and the National Hearing Conservation Association cosponsored the "Best Practices Workshop: Combined Effects of Chemicals and Noise on Hearing." This article summarizes the main results of the Workshop. Its goals were to review the knowledge of chemical ototoxicity and to stimulate participant discussion on how to address this risk. Speakers provided an overview of the effects of chemicals on the auditory system. Research priorities were discussed in concurrent working group sessions. The Workshop concluded with a panel of the groups' facilitators reporting on these sessions. The following key issues were identified: rationale and proposal of a list of priority chemicals; valid procedures for exposure (animal studies), exposure assessment, and audiological testing; need for mechanistic research and a Response Level; recommendations for preventive actions; and information dissemination.
Hearing; Hearing-conservation; Hearing-loss; Hearing-tests; Noise; Chemical-industry-workers; Chemical-manufacturing-industry; Audiological-testing; Occupational-exposure; Risk-factors; Ototoxicity; Industrial-equipment; Industrial-exposures; Industrial-noise
Thais C. Morata, PhD, National Institute for Occupational Safety and Health, Mail Stop C-27, 4676 Columbia Parkway, Cincinnati, OH 45226
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Journal of Occupational and Environmental Medicine