Work-related reactive airways dysfunction syndrome in selected U.S. states.
Henneberger-PK; Derk-SJ; Davis-L; Tumpowsky-C; Reilly-MJ; Rosenman-KD; Schill-DP; Valiante-D; Flattery-J; Harrison-R; Filios-MS
Am J Respir Crit Care Med 2002 Apr; 165(8)(Suppl):A526
To elaborate the descriptive epidemiology of work-related cases of reactive airways dysfunction syndrome (RADS). Cases of work-related asthma (WRA) were identified in four states in the United States during 1993-1995 as part of the Sentinel Event Notification Systems for Occupational Risks (SENSOR). Information gathered by follow-back interview was used to compare 123 work-related RADS cases to 301 other WRA cases whose onset of disease was associated with a known inducer. RADS represented 14% of all new-onset WRA cases identified by the state SENSOR surveillance systems. The adverse impact of their condition was apparent by what the RADS cases reported during the follow-hack interview. In particular, 89% still had breathing problems, 79% had ever sought emergency care and 39% had ever been hospitalized for work-related breathing problems, 54% had applied for worker compensation benefits, and 4 I % had left the company where they experienced onset of asthma. These values equaled or exceeded the comparable figures for those WRA cases whose onset of asthma was associated with a known inducer. Work-related RADS represents a minority of WRA cases, but the impact of this condition appears to equal that of other new-onset WRA cases.
Airway-obstruction; Epidemiology; Pulmonary-system; Pulmonary-function; Pulmonary-system-disorders; Respiratory-irritants; Respiratory-system-disorders; Emergency-treatment; Surveillance-programs
Abstract; Conference/Symposia Proceedings
Disease and Injury: Asthma and Chronic Obstructive Pulmonary Disease
American Journal of Respiratory and Critical Care Medicine, 2002 International Conference, The American Thoracic Society, Atlanta Georgia, May 17-22, 2002