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Antioxidant properties of fruit and vegetable juices: more to the story than ascorbic acid.
Leonard SS; Cutler D; Ding M; Vallyathan V; Castranova V; Shi X
Ann Clin Lab Sci 2002 Nov; 32(2):193-200
Dietary supplements such as vitamin C have become popular for their perceived ability to enhance the body's antioxidant defenses. Reactive oxygen species (ROS) have been shown to cause a broad spectrum of damage to biological systems. Scavenging of ROS is part of a healthy, well-balanced, antioxidant defense system. The present study used the Fenton reaction as a source of hydroxyl radicals and xanthine/xanthine oxidase as a source of superoxide radicals to investigate the scavenging capabilities of various fruit and vegetable juices against these radicals. Electron spin resonance (ESR) spin trapping was used for free radical detection and measurement. Using a colormetric assay, the present study also investigated the protective effects of fruit and vegetable juices against lipid peroxidation induced in cell membranes by hydroxyl radicals. The present study showed that the free radical scavenging capability of each individual juice, but not its ascorbic acid content, is correlated with its protective effect on free radical induced lipid peroxidation. The results indicate that ascorbic acid is only one facet of the protective effect of fruit and vegetable juices. It appears that consumption of whole fruits and vegetables would be superior to an ascorbic acid supplement for antioxidant effectiveness.
Dietary-effects; Vitamins; Antioxidants; Biological-systems; Biological-factors; Biological-effects; Hydroxyl-groups; Free-radicals; Colorimetry; Lipid-peroxidation; Author Keywords: fruit and vegetable juice; antioxidants; ascorbic acid; free radicals; electron spin resonance
Xianglin Shi, Ph.D., Pathology and Physiology Research Branch, Health Effects Laboratory Division, NIOSH, Morgantown, WV 26505
Issue of Publication
Annals of Clinical and Laboratory Science
Page last reviewed: September 2, 2020
Content source: National Institute for Occupational Safety and Health Education and Information Division