A study in occupational safety and health program and management system effectiveness.
Palassis-J; Redinger-C; Dyjack-D
American Industrial Hygiene Conference and Exposition, May 10-15, 2003, Dallas, Texas. Fairfax, VA: American Industrial Hygiene Association, 2003 May; :11
In the last decade, comprehensive occupational safety and health (OS&H) programs and management systems have been much emphasized to assure worker safety and health and reduce illness and injury rates. It is widely accepted that OS&H programs and management systems have a positive impact on OS&H. However, empirical evidence for the effectiveness of these programs is very sparse and not easily available to OS&H researchers. Measures for determining the effectiveness of OS&H programs and management systems exist but are not fully developed. Meetings with stakeholders and literature review found that the key elements of comprehensive OS&H programs and management systems were found to be: management leadership and commitment, worker participation, continual improvement, evaluation, integration, and management review. Other than the traditional definition of reduction of Total Recordable Case Rates and Lost Workday Rates, there is not an agreed upon definition for the effectiveness of OS&H programs and systems. A model OS&H management system was developed; it contains the program/system effectiveness elements (metrics) from nearly all the available OS&H management systems in use, along with measurement validity and reliability issues. Application of such model was considered with 13 existing OS&H programs and management systems. The U.S. Department of Energy's Integrated Safety Management (ISM) system at the LBNL in Berkeley, California was selected for analysis. Results indicate a trend of improved OS&H performance after implementation of ISM. Concurrently, qualitative benefits have been observed from implementation of ISM such as increased communication between OS&H professionals and end-users, and increased engagement of end-users in OS&H issues.
Occupational-safety-programs; Safety-measures; Health-programs; Worker-health; Workers; Models; Qualitative-analysis
American Industrial Hygiene Conference and Exposition, May 10-15, 2003, Dallas, Texas