Annual book of ASTM standards. West Conshohocken, PA: ASTM International, ASTM, D 6785-02, 2002 Jun; :1-15
This standard specifies flame and graphite furnace atomic absorption spectrometric methods for the determination of the time-weighted average mass concentration of particulate LEAD and LEAD compounds in workplace air. The method is applicable to personal sampling of the inhalable fraction of airborne particles, as defined in ISO 7708, and to static (area) sampling. The sample dissolution procedure specifies hot plate or microwave digestion, or ultrasonic extraction (11.2). The sample dissolution procedure is not effective for all LEAD compounds (see Section 5). The use of an alternative, more vigorous dissolution procedure is necessary when it is desired to extract LEAD from compounds present in the test atmosphere that are insoluble using the dissolution procedures described herein. For example if it is desired to determine silicate LEAD, a hydrofluoric acid dissolution procedure is required. The flame atomic absorption method is applicable to the determination of masses of approximately 1 to 200 µg of LEAD per sample, without dilution (1). The graphite furnace atomic absorption method is applicable to the determination of masses of approximately 0.01 to 0.5 µg of LEAD per sample, without dilution (1). The ultrasonic extraction procedure has been validated for the determination of masses of approximately 20 to 100 µg of LEAD per sample, for laboratory-generated LEAD fume air filter samples (2). The concentration range for LEAD in air for which this procedure is applicable is determined in part by the sampling procedure selected by the user (see Section 10). Anions that form precipitates with LEAD may interfere, but this potential interference is overcome by the addition of the disodium salt of ethylenediamine tetraacetic acid (EDTA) when necessary. 1.8 This standard does not purport to address all of the safety concerns, if any, associated with its use. It is the responsibility of the user of this standard to establish appropriate safety and health practices and determine the applicability of regulatory limitations prior to use.