Fire and flame related events with multiple occupational injury fatalities in the United States, 1980-1995.
Inj Control Saf Promot 2002 Mar; 9(1):9-18
The National Traumatic Occupational Fatalities surveillance system recorded 1587 fire and flame related occupational fatalities among the civilian workforce in the United States between 1980 and 1995. Of these fatalities, 433 resulted from 127 incidents that involved two or more victims. For purposes of this study, these victims were categorized into one of three cause-of-death classifications: burns, inhalation or other traumatic injury. The classification 'Burns' accounted for 232 or just over one-half of the fatalities and an additional 172 cases were coded as inhalation. Other traumatic injury was named as the cause of death for another 23 fatalities or five percent of the multiple victims. The cause of death for the remaining six fatalities could not be determined from the death certificates. This study revealed the similarities and disparities of the demographic and employment characteristics associated with these three cause-of-death classifications.
Fire-hazards; Fire-safety; Burns; Inhalation-studies; Traumatic-injuries; Occupational-hazards;
Author Keywords: Fatal injuries; occupational trauma; fires; burns; inhalation
Ms Elyce Anne Biddle, Division of Safety Research, NIOSH, 1095 Willowdale Rd., Morgantown, WV 26505-2888, USA
Injury Control and Safety Promotion