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Risk assessment at the crossroads of the 21st century: opportunities and challenges for research.
Stayner L; Toraason M; Hattis D
Hum Ecol Risk Assess 2002 Oct; 8(6):1195-1202
Although one could say that assessing risks is as old as man, formalized human health risk assessment is a relatively new discipline that has largely developed as a result of environmental (U.S. Environmental Protection Agency [USEPA]) and occupational regulations (Occupational Safety and Health Administration [OSHA]) that were adopted in the 1970s. Court decisions, such as the U.S. Supreme Court's ruling on the OSHA benzene standard (Industrial Union Department v. American Petroleum Institute, 448 U.S. 607, 655 ), have reinforced the requirements that these agencies make their best efforts to quantify risks and benefits when setting standards for protecting the public health. For better or worse, risk assessment has become a sine qua non for regulatory decision making in the U.S.
Risk-analysis; Risk-factors; Health-standards; Quantitative-analysis; Occupational-exposure; Occupational-health; Regulations; Toxic-dose; Toxicology; Employee-exposure; Epidemiology; Animal-studies; Exposure-limits; Dose-response; Mathematical-models
Leslie Stayner, Risk Evaluation Branch, Education and Information Division, NIOSH C15, 4676 Columbia Parkway, Cincinnati, OH 45226, USA
Issue of Publication
Human and Ecological Risk Assessment
Page last reviewed: September 2, 2020
Content source: National Institute for Occupational Safety and Health Education and Information Division