During 1976 - 1997, the total number of nonfatal occupational injuries has fluctuated between 4.7 and 6.4 million per year, as recorded by the Bureau of Labor Statistics (BLS) in the Survey of Occupational Injuries and Illnesses (SOII). However, the incidence rates for total nonfatal injuries in private industry declined from highs of 9.2 cases per 100 full-time workers in 1978 - 1979 to a low of 6.6 cases per 100 full-time workers in 1997. The greatest change occurred among cases without lost workdays, which decreased from 5.5 to 3.5 cases per 100 full-time workers. For 1988 - 1997, the rate of cases with days away from work declined 40%, but there was a 120% increase in the rate of cases with restricted work activity only. Approximately 5.7 million injuries were reported in SOII in 1997. Those injuries represent 93% of the 6.1 million injuries and illnesses documented by employer records in the private sector. Agriculture, construction, manufacturing, and transportation reported rates above the average of 6.6 per 100 full-time workers for all industries. Sprains, strains, and tears accounted for a disproportionately large share of cases with days away from work (nearly 800,000 cases in 1997). Nearly half of those cases involved the back. Overexertion accounted for more than 60% of back injuries. According to the National Electronic Injury Surveillance System (NEISS), occupational injuries treated in hospital emergency departments numbered 3.6 million in 1998. Rates for those injuries were highest among men and workers under age 25. Lacerations, punctures, sprains and strains, contusions, abrasions, and hematomas accounted for 70% of all injuries treated in emergency departments.
Occupations; Occupational-accidents; Safety-monitoring; Safety-research; Workplace-studies; Work-environment; Work-areas; Industrial-hazards; Injuries; Back-injuries; Accident-analysis; Accident-rates; Burns; Spinal-cord-disorders; Emergency-treatment; Medical-monitoring; Medical-treatment; Lost-work-days; Surveillance-programs