Characterization of the aerosols resulting from arc welding processes.
J Aerosol Sci 2001 Aug; 32(8):993-1008
As a result of recent research on the potentially adverse health effects of sub-micrometer aerosols, a generation chamber and sampling system was designed to characterize aerosols from a popular welding system that utilized either gas metal arc welding or flux cored arc welding techniques. The experimental apparatus allowed flexibility in changing arc welding parameters, sample locations, and was designed to promote the steady-state generation of fumes over several minutes. In contrast to prior studies where the particle size distribution was weighted by mass without regard to its time/temperature history, the welding aerosols in this study were temporally collected and weighted by a lower moment, particle number. The results demonstrated that the welding alloy had a marked effect on the particle size distribution, morphology and chemical aspects of the resultant fume. In addition, the particle size distributions from these processes were multi-modal and dynamically changed with time.
Aerosols; Welding; Fumes; Fumigants; Sampling; Sampling-methods; Welding-industry; Aerosol-particles; Aerosol-sampling
Division of Applied Research and Technology, National Institute for Occupational Safety and Health, 4676 Columbia Parkway, Cincinnati, OH 45226, USA
Journal of Aerosol Science